VAAS NEWS 
Variation in cooking and eating quality traits in Japanese rice germplasm accessions

Results suggest that eating quality is controlled by genetic factors, including the Wx gene and the QTL on chromosome 3, in Japanese rice accessions.

FERONIA interacts with ABI2-type phosphatases to facilitate signaling cross-talk between abscisic acid and RALF peptide in Arabidopsis

Receptor-like kinase FERONIA (FER) not only serves as a receptor for growth-regulating rapid alkalinization factor (RALF) peptide but also acts as an important node in a variety of other signaling pathways, including plant responses to hormones, pathogens, and abiotic stresses.

Oxidation and cyclization of casbene in the biosynthesis of Euphorbia factors from mature seeds of Euphorbia lathyris L.

Ingenol mebutate is a diterpene ester with a highly complex macrocyclic structure that has been approved for the treatment of actinic keratosis, a precondition of skin cancer.

Biotech Country Facts and Trends

ISAAA releases the revised series Biotech Country Facts and Trends. The first set in the series features the top five developing biotech countries of Brazil, Argentina, India, China, and Paraguay. Biotech Country Facts and Trends are concise summaries highlighting the commercialization of biotech crops in specific countries.

Regulatory network analysis reveals novel regulators of seed desiccation tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana

Seed desiccation tolerance (DT) is one of the most fascinating processes of higher plants, and has played a fundamental role in the evolution of land plants. DT allows plant seeds to remain viable in the dry state for years and even centuries.

GmCLC1 Confers Enhanced Salt Tolerance through Regulating Chloride Accumulation in Soybean.

The family of chloride channel proteins that mediate Cl(-) transportation play vital roles in plant nutrient supply, cellular action potential and turgor pressure adjustment, stomatal movement, hormone signal recognition and transduction, Cl(-) homeostasis, and abiotic and biotic stress tolerance.

Cassava traits and end-user preference: relating traits to consumer liking, sensory perception, and genetics.

Breeding efforts have focused on improving agronomic traits of the cassava plant however little research has been done to enhance the crop palatability. This review investigates the links between cassava traits and end-user preference in relation with sensory characteristics.

FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 activates SEPALLATA2 but inhibits CLAVATA3 to regulate meristem determinacy and maintenance in Arabidopsis

The transcription factor FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 (FHY3) is known to play multiple roles at the vegetative stage in Arabidopsis, but its functions in reproductive stage are unclear. We find that FHY3 is required for floral meristem determinacy and shoot apical meristem maintenance by mainly acting as a transcriptional repressor.

Physical coupling of activation and derepression activities to maintain an active transcriptional state at FLC

How chromatin influences transcription is a major question in biology. Chromatin states and transcriptional activity are correlated, but the interconnections and feedbacks in chromatin regulation that lead to quantitative transcriptional regulation are poorly understood.

Calpains are involved in asexual and sexual development, cell wall integrity and pathogenicity of the rice blast fungus.

Calpains are ubiquitous and well-conserved proteins that belong to the calcium-dependent, non-lysosomal cysteine protease family. In this study, 8 putative calpains were identified using Pfam domain analysis and BlastP searches in M. oryzae.

A Population of Deletion Mutants and an Integrated Mapping and Exome-seq Pipeline for Gene Discovery in Maize

To better understand maize endosperm filling and maturation, we used γ-irradiation of the B73 maize reference line to generate mutants with opaque endosperm and reduced kernel fill phenotypes, and created a population of 1788 lines including 39 Mo17 × F2s showing stable, segregating, and viable kernel phenotypes.

New Zealand EPA Declares Glyphosate as Noncarcinogenic

The Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) of New Zealand released the results of their Review of Evidence Relating to Glyphosate and Carcinogenicity. According to the report, "glyphosate is unlikely to be genotoxic or carcinogenic to humans and does not require classification under HSNO as a carcinogen or mutagen".

Reduction of GIGANTEA Expression Enhances Salt Tolerance in Polish Canola and Arabidopsis

The GIGANTEA (GI) gene plays an important role in photoperiodic flowering and has been shown to contribute to multiple environmental stress responses. Jin A. Kim of the National Academy of Agricultural Science in South Korea, together with other researchers from various institutions and universities, reported how the GI gene in polish canola (Brassica rapa), BrGI, is similar to Arabidopsis GI in terms of expression pattern and function.

Australian OGTR Calls for Comments on Application for Commercial Release of GM Cotton

The Australian Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) invites written submissions from the public to assess license application DIR 143 from Bayer CropScience Pty Ltd for the commercial release of two types of GM cotton: GlyTol® cotton and GlyTol TwinLink Plus® cotton.

Ethiopia has staved off worst of El Niño, but possible impacts of La Niña looming large

With this year's main planting season winding down in Ethiopia, there is still a small window of opportunity in September for farmers to plant the last set of crops this year and grow food for millions facing hunger, provided the necessary support arrives on time.

Research Activities
Scientists recommend more trials of genetically modified feed corn
International Cooperation
Acto de conclusion del curso del proyecto Vietnam - Cuba
Tranning
The Crawford Fund master class in agricultural research leadership and management
 
 Argicultural News
Vietnam Agriculture
  Dongnai rambutan protected

The National Office of Intellectual Property has granted protection under geographical indication for Long Khanh rambutan, which is grown in the southeastern province of Dongnai.

Sugar industry may face difficulty
Restructuring agricultural sector critical:conference
First Vietnamese bananas reach Japanese supermarkets
 
other news 
Foreign Agricultural
  Biotech Country Facts and Trends

ISAAA releases the revised series Biotech Country Facts and Trends. The first set in the series features the top five developing biotech countries of Brazil, Argentina, India, China, and Paraguay. Biotech Country Facts and Trends are concise summaries highlighting the commercialization of biotech crops in specific countries.

Calpains are involved in asexual and sexual development, cell wall integrity and pathogenicity of the rice blast fungus.
New Zealand EPA Declares Glyphosate as Noncarcinogenic
Australian OGTR Calls for Comments on Application for Commercial Release of GM Cotton
 
other news 
Scientific
  Variation in cooking and eating quality traits in Japanese rice germplasm accessions

Results suggest that eating quality is controlled by genetic factors, including the Wx gene and the QTL on chromosome 3, in Japanese rice accessions.

FERONIA interacts with ABI2-type phosphatases to facilitate signaling cross-talk between abscisic acid and RALF peptide in Arabidopsis
Regulatory network analysis reveals novel regulators of seed desiccation tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana
Organic nitrates and other oxidized nitrogen compounds contribute significantly to the total nitrogen depositions in the United States
 
other news 
Science - Technology
  Oxidation and cyclization of casbene in the biosynthesis of Euphorbia factors from mature seeds of Euphorbia lathyris L.

Ingenol mebutate is a diterpene ester with a highly complex macrocyclic structure that has been approved for the treatment of actinic keratosis, a precondition of skin cancer.

GmCLC1 Confers Enhanced Salt Tolerance through Regulating Chloride Accumulation in Soybean.
Cassava traits and end-user preference: relating traits to consumer liking, sensory perception, and genetics.
FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 activates SEPALLATA2 but inhibits CLAVATA3 to regulate meristem determinacy and maintenance in Arabidopsis
 
other news 

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