VAAS NEWS 
Fine mapping of a Phytophthora-resistance gene RpsWY in soybean (Glycine max L.) by high-throughput genome-wide sequencing

Phytophthora root rot (PRR) caused by Phytophthora sojae is one of the most important soil-borne diseases in many soybean-production regions in the world. Identification of resistant gene(s) and incorporating them into elite varieties are an effective way for breeding to prevent soybean from being harmed by this disease.

New guidelines help member states achieve their climate pledges

FAO has developed supplementary guidelines to the UNFCCC NAP Guidelines for "Addressing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag Guidelines") aiming to support developing countries in making sure agriculture is both included in national adaptation plans and made more adaptive and resilient.

FAO Food Price Index dips again in April, led by sugar and vegetable oils

Global food commodity prices fell in April amid expectations of ongoing robust supplies of many key staples. The FAO Food Price Index averaged 168 points in April, down 1.8 percent from March although remaining 10 percent higher than a year earlier.

Survey Reveals 90% of Rural Producers in Brazil Recognize Importance of Biotechnology

In an initiative to bring information to rural producers using biotechnology, Brazil's Biotechnology Information Council (CIB) conducted a survey on 1,250 rural producers to outline a scenario about farmers' understanding of the technologies used in soybean and corn crops, and to identify perceptions of their preservation in the field.

Epigenetic regulation of antagonistic receptors confers rice blast resistance with yield balance

Crop breeding aims to balance disease resistance with yield, however single resistance ( R ) genes can lead to resistance breakdown and R gene pyramiding may impact growth fitness.

Study on Physical-Chemical Characters and Heritability for Yield Components in Rice (Oryza sativa L.).

Present study was performed to analysis both physical and chemical properties of rice germplasm and heritability for yield components in combinations. A total of 44 line / varieties obtained from Cuu Long Rice Research Institute genebank, and 30 F1 generation combinations were evaluated.

Novel chitinase gene LOC_Os11g47510 from indica rice Tetep provides enhanced resistance against sheath blight pathogen Rhizoctonia solani in rice

Sheath blight disease (ShB), caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani Kühn, is one of the most destructive diseases of rice (Oryza sativa L.), causing substantial yield loss in rice.

Russia backs FAO work to tackle antimicrobial resistance with $3.3 million

Russia is backing an FAO-led effort to promote food safety and prevent the spread of medicine-resistant "superbugs" in food and on farms in five countries in Central Asia and Eastern Europe with a donation of nearly $3.3 million.

Ectopic Expression of OsSta2 Enhances Salt Stress Tolerance in Rice.

Salt stress can severely reduce crop yields. To understand how rice (Oryza sativa) plants respond to this environmental challenge, we investigated the genes involved in conferring salt tolerance by screening T-DNA tagging lines and identified OsSta2-D (Oryza sativa Salt tolerance activation 2-Dominant). In that line, expression of OsSta2 was enhanced by approximately eightfold when compared with the non-transformed wild type (WT).

Elevated rate of genome rearrangements in radiation-resistant bacteria

A number of bacterial, archaeal, and eukaryotic species are known for their resistance to ionizing radiation. One of the challenges these species face is a potent environmental source of DNA double-strand breaks, potential drivers of genome structure evolution.

International Consortium Sequences Resurrection Plant to Develop Drought Tolerant Crops

An international research team led by Wageningen University & Research in the Netherlands has sequenced the genome of Xerophyta viscosa, also called the ‘resurrection plant.' In their paper published in Nature Plants, the team reveals a genetic ‘footprint' of the amazing ability of this plant to tolerate severe drought for long periods of time.

Diversity and genetic stability in banana genotypes in a breeding program using inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers.

Banana (Musa spp) is a fruit species frequently cultivated and consumed worldwide. Molecular markers are important for estimating genetic diversity in germplasm and between genotypes in breeding programs.

BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE2 negatively regulates cellulose synthesis in Arabidopsis by phosphorylating cellulose synthase 1

Cellulose is the most abundant biopolymer on Earth and is a critical component for plants to grow and develop. Cellulose is synthesized by large cellulose synthase complexes containing multiple cellulose synthase A (CESA) subunits; however, how cellulose synthesis is regulated remains unclear.

Israeli President tours high-tech greenhouse

Picking out a lettuce leaf from the greenhouse garden, Israeli President Reuven Ruvi Rivlin had a taste of what Israeli technology has brought to Viet Nam.

Wastewater an opportunity being flushed away

FAO today marked World Water Day by highlighting the opportunity that treated wastewater represents for agriculture, and improved food security and nutrition. Globally, most wastewater is released into the environment without being treated.

Research Activities
Development of New Drought Tolerant Breeding Lines for Vietnam Using Marker-Assisted Backcrossing
International Cooperation
Israeli President tours high-tech greenhouse
Tranning
Vietnam Scholarships for Master or Bachelor Degree at University of Huddersfield in UK, 2017
 
 Argicultural News
Vietnam Agriculture
  Dak Lak avocado targets world market

A firm in the Central Highlands province of Dak Lak plans to bring avocado grown in the locality to the Japanese, EU and US markets after successfully entering the domestic and several regional markets.

Vietnam helps Laos develop agriculture
Thai rice worries VN exporters
Cashew nut exports to hit $3b in 2017
 
other news 
Foreign Agricultural
  New guidelines help member states achieve their climate pledges

FAO has developed supplementary guidelines to the UNFCCC NAP Guidelines for "Addressing Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag Guidelines") aiming to support developing countries in making sure agriculture is both included in national adaptation plans and made more adaptive and resilient.

FAO Food Price Index dips again in April, led by sugar and vegetable oils
Survey Reveals 90% of Rural Producers in Brazil Recognize Importance of Biotechnology
Russia backs FAO work to tackle antimicrobial resistance with $3.3 million
 
other news 
Scientific
  Epigenetic regulation of antagonistic receptors confers rice blast resistance with yield balance

Crop breeding aims to balance disease resistance with yield, however single resistance ( R ) genes can lead to resistance breakdown and R gene pyramiding may impact growth fitness.

Novel chitinase gene LOC_Os11g47510 from indica rice Tetep provides enhanced resistance against sheath blight pathogen Rhizoctonia solani in rice
Ectopic Expression of OsSta2 Enhances Salt Stress Tolerance in Rice.
Diversity and genetic stability in banana genotypes in a breeding program using inter simple sequence repeats (ISSR) markers.
 
other news 
Science - Technology
  Fine mapping of a Phytophthora-resistance gene RpsWY in soybean (Glycine max L.) by high-throughput genome-wide sequencing

Phytophthora root rot (PRR) caused by Phytophthora sojae is one of the most important soil-borne diseases in many soybean-production regions in the world. Identification of resistant gene(s) and incorporating them into elite varieties are an effective way for breeding to prevent soybean from being harmed by this disease.

Study on Physical-Chemical Characters and Heritability for Yield Components in Rice (Oryza sativa L.).
Genetic Analysis of Teosinte Alleles for Kernel Composition Traits in Maize
Elevated rate of genome rearrangements in radiation-resistant bacteria
 
other news 

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