Jian Li, Jessica Chitwood, Naama Menda, Lukas Mueller, Samuel F. Hutton
Theoretical and Applied Genetics; January 2018; Volume 131, Issue 1, pp 145–155
The negative association between the I - 3 gene and increased sensitivity to bacterial spot is due to linkage drag (not pleiotropy) and may be remedied by reducing the introgression size.
Fusarium wilt is one of the most serious diseases of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) throughout the world. There are three races of the pathogen (races 1, 2 and 3), and the deployment of three single, dominant resistance genes corresponding to each of these has been the primary means of controlling the disease. The I-3 gene was introgressed from S. pennellii and confers resistance to race 3. Although I-3 provides effective control, it is negatively associated with several horticultural traits, including increased sensitivity to bacterial spot disease (Xanthomonas spp.). To test the hypothesis that this association is due to linkage with unfavorable alleles rather than to pleiotropy, we used a map-based approach to develop a collection of recombinant inbred lines varying for portions of I-3 introgression. Progeny of recombinants were evaluated for bacterial spot severity in the field for three seasons, and disease severities were compared between I-3 introgression haplotypes for each recombinant. Results indicated that increased sensitivity to bacterial spot is not associated with the I-3 gene, but rather with an upstream region of the introgression. A survey of public and private inbred lines and hybrids indicates that the majority of modern I-3 germplasm contains a similarly sized introgression for which the negative association with bacterial spot likely persists. In light of this, it is expected that the development and utilization of a reduced I-3 introgression will significantly improve breeding efforts for resistance to Fusarium wilt race 3.