Two interactive quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlled the field resistance to sudden death syndrome (SDS) in soybean. The interaction between them was confirmed.




Sudden death syndrome (SDS), caused by Fusarium virguliforme, is a major disease of soybean [Glycine max(L.) Merr.] in the United States. Breeding for soybean resistance to SDS is the most cost-effective method to manage the disease. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize quantitative trait loci (QTLs) underlying field resistance to SDS in a recombinant inbred line population from the cross GD2422×LD01-5907. This population was genotyped with 1786 polymorphic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using SoySNP6 K iSelect BeadChip and evaluated for SDS resistance in a naturally infested field. Four SDS resistance QTLs were mapped on Chromosomes 4, 8, 12 and 18. The resistant parent, LD01-5907, contributed the resistance alleles for the QTLs on Chromosomes 8 and 18 (qSDS-8 and qSDS-18), while the other parent, GD2422, provided the resistance alleles for the QTLs on Chromosomes 4 and 12 (qSDS-4 and qSDS-12). The minor QTL on Chromosome 12 (qSDS-12) is novel. The QTL on Chromosomes 8 and 18 (qSDS-8 and qSDS-18) overlapped with two soybean cyst nematode resistance-related loci, Rhg4 and Rhg1, respectively. A significant interaction between qSDS-8 and qSDS-18 was detected by disease incidence. Individual effects together with the interaction effect explained around 70% of the phenotypic variance. The epistatic interaction of qSDS-8 and qSDS-18 was confirmed by the field performance across multiple years. Furthermore, the resistance alleles at qSDS-8 and qSDS-18 were demonstrated to be recessive. The SNP markers linked to these QTLs will be useful for marker-assisted breeding to enhance the SDS resistance.