The pathogen is challenging to manage because of its extensively broad host range and high genetic variability and also due to the inability to find any satisfactory level of natural resistance from the available rice germplasm. It is high time to find remedies to combat the pathogen for reducing rice yield losses and subsequently to minimize the threat to global food security. The development of genetic resistance is one of the alternative means to avoid the use of hazardous chemical fungicides. This review mainly focuses on the effort of better understanding the host-pathogen relationship, finding the gene loci/markers imparting resistance response and modifying the host genome through transgenic development. The latest development and trend in the R. solani-rice pathosystem research with gap analysis are provided.
Figure 3: Schematic representation of rice–R. solani molecular interaction and signalling pathways involved. The blue outer circle symbolizes the pathogen, R. solani, and the central oval‐shaped figure signifies the rice plant. The pink half of the diagram consists of the rice defence strategies to counteract the pathogen, while the yellow coloured half consists of various pathogenesis mechanisms. SA, salicylic acid; JA, jasmonic acid; ET, ethylene; OxO, oxalate oxidase; AC, adenylate cyclase; cAMP, cyclic adenosine monophosphate; MPK, MAP kinase; MKK, MAPK kinase; GT, glycosyltransferase; PI‐I9, peptidase inhibitor I9 domain; PR, pathogenesis related; MeJA, methyl jasmonate; ACS2, 1‐aminocyclopropane‐1‐carboxylic acid synthase 2; GGPP, geranyl geranyl pyrophosphate; GAP, glyceraldehyde 3‐phosphate; E4P, erythrose‐4‐phosphate; PEP, phosphoenolpyruvate; WD, tryptophan‐aspartic acid repeat domain‐containing protein. Dotted arrow signifies that the connection is not experimentally evidenced.